This past week we’ve been studying schizophrenia in the psychology class I’m taking at BSU. Schizophrenia often manifests itself in late teens and early twenties. This evening I was reading some of my grandfather’s letters and discovered this one, where he discusses Polly’s frame of mind. In 1943, when this letter is written, she was 21 years old. Two years later she would be diagnosed with schizophrenia. In this letter, my grandfather is an army officer, training recruits at Camp Maxey, Texas. The letter is addressed to my grandmother.
Our Family History
Mental illness spans at least three generations in our family. After my mother died in 2010, two of my sisters and I rescued a time capsule that had been locked in the chickenhouse on our homestead in northern Minnesota. It had lain untouched for almost twenty-five years. Some of my siblings wanted to burn the treasure. I’ve spent countless hours reading, sorting, scanning, and transcribing thousands of pages that range from 1822 to 1984.
I realized that I needed to acquire some knowledge of human behavior so autumn 2012 I attended Bemidji State University’s Introduction to Psychology. Spring 2013 I studied Abnormal Behavior. My blog goal is to post historical and psychological vignettes of my discoveries each Sunday evening. I plan to write a series of memoirs that will explore my family’s struggle over this past century with mental illness.
My great grandmother, Katherine Thomas Philips, had a younger sister named Alice, who married Edmund Garstin. They had two daughters:
The eldest, Martha “Pattie” Thomas Garstin, born 1888, died in a mental institution, Normansfield Hospital, Teddington, in 1935.
The second daughter, Eloise “Emily” Thomas Garstin, was born in 1889 and died in 1970. Eloise, a name our mother never mentioned, played a pivotal role in my grandparents’ lives. Eloise was financially independent, thanks to a trust established by her cousin, Frederick Peirce. Eloise lived most of her life in England. She never married, traveled extensively, and wrote very descriptive letters.
The following picture and letter is written by Eloise from the Holy Land.
1949-50 was a very turbulent time in the Mideast. An estimated three quarters of a million Arabs fled the area that became Israel. Almost that many Jews immigrated to Israel from Arab countries and Europe.
It’s interesting to note that even though the Holocaust is only five years in the past, Eloise empathizes with the Arab people who have been displaced by the Jews.
I discovered this terribly water-stained letter in a packet I am currently reading. The tone of the letter seems fatalistic. Frederick Pierce, the author, has a son on a coastal patrol craft in the Mediterranean—perhaps one of WWII’s famed PT Boats.
Fred Pierce is my great uncle, an elusive link to our past. The Pierce family plays an important role in our genetic makeup–a role which I shall expand on in future posts.
My grandfather’s troop ship struck a German mine and sank in Antwerp Harbor in December 1944–an opening shot in the Battle of the Bulge. My grandfather flew back to the United States and returned to his duty station at Camp Shanks, New York. Note the forwarding addresses on the letter as it tries to catch up with him.
I spent two hours transcribing this letter, attempting to extrapolate the parts that are indecipherable because of the damage sustained during the decades it lay in the leaky-roofed chickenhouse on our old homestead in northern Minnesota.
Below the primary documents is my understanding of the text—-means I can not read it.
1945 – 01 – 12. From Frederick Pierce, 225 S. Fifteenth St., Philadelphia, PA to Lieut. Henry O Philips, Camp Shanks, Orangeburg, New York. The letter head on this letter reads: Frederick Pierce & Co. 225 S. 15th St., Philadelphia, Investment Securities, Incorporated 1916.
January 12, 1945
I had a nice letter from Eloise Garstin this week followed by your card. Thank you for letting me hear from you. I am delighted that your shipwreck, as Eloise called it, turned into no worse than it did for you. One of Ethel’s nephews had a similar experience on his Murmansk run. He even lost his outer clothing, and being a large fellow, was a sight when he reached home in Boston. My son Fred was on a salvage boat in the Mediterranean carrying dynamite forward when a torpedo rammed the stern killing a couple of men. He had a very close shave.
The war is one of great risk and lucky escapes for many. In his course Fred has cruised the entire south coast of France from Monaco to the Spanish border. He is now based in Oran. Was in Rome and Naples last month.
When you can – – – wish you come down and see us. I guess you do – – – man a chance and see a night – – your family when you write send them my kind wishes.
We live on Wynnewood.
With best wishes sincerely, Fredrick Pierce
My great grandfather, Calvin Philips, owned several thousand acres on Whidbey Island, Washington in the early 1900s. Over the course of several decades it was sold. Today his original Greenbank Dairy Farm is a community center. http://greenbankfarm.biz/history/
Ironically, I craweled across the the Naval Base land he once owned during my SERE (survival, evasion, resistance, escape) training before I went to Vietnam in 1968.)
On June 25, 1921, my grandmother, Elsie Philips, sent her mother, Idalia Fratt, a letter describing her arrival on Whidbey Island. My mother, Barbara, is ten months old—this is the first time she is mentioned. Two years later her sister, Polly, was born.
Tomorrow I’m invited to speak to residents at a local nursing home. As I reflected on how to present a Vietnam War memoir to a group of World War II era citizens, I decided that I should focus on a formative event from their past. I will mention Muddy Jungle Rivers but then I will read a few letters written in 1943 and 1944.
My grandfather served as an Army officer in WWI and WWII. By 1942 he was 48 years old but was recalled to active duty as a training officer. He was first stationed at Camp Maxey, Texas, where he took raw recruits from farms and cities through recruit and advanced infantryman training. Later he transferred to Camp Shanks, New York where he escorted troop battalions on convoy crossings in the North Atlantic. December 1944, his ship was mined. It sank in Antwerp Harbor.
These two letters are representative of the living conditions and angst of the men during those years.
1943-01-26 Camp Maxey, Texas—northeast corner of Texas near the Oklahoma border. While stored in the Chickenhouse, mice gnawed the top of this envalope and damaged the first line on each page of the letter.
1944-10-19 My grandfather’s V-Mail letter to his wife from a North Atlantic troop convoy ship, about five weeks before his ship sank.
Three years ago, after my mother died, I discovered a time capsule locked in the chickenhouse on our old homestead near Nebish, Minnesota. Some of my siblings wanted to burn what to them appeared to be trash. My two oldest sisters and I rescued the treasure and brought it to my house.
Most biographical writers spend years researching their topic. Over the past few years I’ve spent countless hours reading, sorting, scanning, and transcribing thousands of pages that span 1822 to 1984. My great-grandparents were born in the 1860s and were an important influence in my mother’s life. My goal is to write a series of memoirs illuminating our famiy’s experience from 1920 forward , titled “Chickenhouse Chronicles” with relevant subtitles. Perhaps it’s too ambitious a goal, but I believe our story needs to be told.
Sadly, our family has a history of mental illness. About a year ago when I began to form a plan on how to approach this project, I realized I needed to acquire some knowledge of human behavior so autumn 2012 I attended Bemidji State University’s Intro to Psychology. This semester, Spring 2013, I am studying Abnormal Behavior. One fascinating thing I’ve learned is that environment—family life, social contacts, socioeconomic status, etc, constitutes 50% of the reason for vulnerability to mental disorders—genetic makeup influences the other 50%, with myriad variables, such as stressors and positive and negative reinforcers interacting to produce who we are.
My blog goal is to post a letter each week and place it in context of the narrative I am working on.
One of the first documents I read was my grandmother’s 1939 diary. This entry piqued my curiosity:
Saturday, August 26, 1939: “A frightful shock this a.m. in the air mail, mailed by Bar [my mother, Barbara] from Poland enclosing a letter from a young Polish Engineer asking us for permission to marry Bar—apparently immediately. We are simply stunned. We don’t know what to do—of course our inclination would be to cable to wait until xmas. Think of her beautiful talent being stored away in Poland, the tension spot of the world and apparently he owns the very oil fields Hitler wants.”
As children, we grew up listening to our mother’s tales about her music studies in Europe and how she escaped Poland on the eve of the 1939 Nazi invasion. Several of the old letters in the chickenhouse are written in French and confirm those stories. One letter is from Poland. I had it translated and discovered that it is a marriage proposal from the Polish Engineer my grandmother spoke of in her diary.
Front page of primary source document:
The translation reads:
(Kristaw is apparently a nickname or derivative of Zdzisław. [sic] is translator comment meaning, “as written.”)
After I read the letter, I needed to know who this man was who had written this love-letter/marriage proposal to 19 year old Barbara. Today I received my answer in this email message from a lady who does research work for me:
“Thanks for sending the scan of the original letter a couple of days ago. That helped immensely to read his handwriting. I had long been curious why the letterhead read “Z. Konopka, Engineer” (Inz. stands for the title of engineer.) It turns out that the name of the man your mother was engaged to was Zdzisław Konopka. He was a major in the Polish army, born August 14 or 15, 1895, near Antoniow (southern Poland.) His father’s name was Bartłomieja (Bartholomew).
Sadly it appears that he was murdered in the Katyn massacre (mass killing of Polish military and citizens by Stalin’s regime). He likely was killed in mid-late Sept. 1939, which would account for your mom’s immense sadness during this time. Zdzisław’s name appears on numerous lists of those killed in the Katyn massacre.”
The proposal letter was probably the last time my mother heard from her fiancé. She returned to New York City on September 24, 1939, aboard SS American Farmer.
In November, 1939 she recieved a letter from a former school friend living in France–a dark foreshadow. An excerpt reads, “I myself think the war will last about 3 years, a grim thought—I hope I’m wrong. I read last night the White Paper issued about Nazi cruelty in the concentration camps. It made me feel quite ill. If they treat their own nationals like that, what will they do to the prisoners of war? The sooner the Nazi element is wiped out the better for everyone.Do write again soon, my dear I shall be interested in how long this takes to reach you. About three weeks I imagine. Lots of Love, Ann”
Ann alludes to the “White Paper” a French Government communique, detailing Nazi cruelty the autumn of 1939. And she mentions prisoners of war. Did my mother communicate with Ann that autumn of 1939. Did Ann tell my mother that Kristaw had been captured by the Russian Army? Is it possible that my mother tried to contact her fiancé, Kristaw, after he was captured? (Ann, my mother, and a Polish girl, Eva Barabaka, had been close friends at the Music Conservatory in Brussels during 1937, 38, 39. My mother had been staying at Eva’s parents dacha in Poland.)
Further information I discovered indicates Kristaw may have been murdered as late as May, 1940. In the National Archives Katyn Forest Massacre Documentary, witnesses speak of letters from family members found on corpses.
My researcher also discovered that, “[Zdzisław Konopka’s] two brothers who were Jesuits, [and] sister who was nun at convent of St.Claire Jesuits – died in captivity.”